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Im an imperfect human being, so I will occasionally lie. Given my ambition and desire to “win,” I will spread false information if that’s what it takes. Is this evil or sinful? I don’t know, but I do know that long ago my ancestors lived in a “kill or be killed” world! “What if everyone values the truth so little?” you ask. I’d say we’re living in that world today and many of us are doing fine. (Note: knowingly spreading lies, computer viruses, deceit, etc. is something honest people typically don’t do. If this hurts innocent people and is done for hateful reasons, most would say it’s evil.)

More Information About This Worldview Theme

a spade WV Theme...

...individual <---> nature

the theme is paired with: #3 Valuing Honesty, Learning  to make Choice #43    in the Choices We Make cards 

this theme as presented in older version of theme structure:        is this theme new to version 4?--YES

click to look at the Project Worldview Cultural Literacy Encyclopedia Related Words, Beliefs, Background articles for the above choice 

 Project Worldview authored discussion, Worldview Watch related issues, songs, etc.  

Worldview Watch #75:    Bashar of Essassani and Bashar al-Assad: UFO Religious Celebrity and War Criminal 

Worldview Watch issue #70, posted 1/31/2022  Conservatives, Conscientiousness and Chaos

  Worldview Watch issue #67 posted 5 /5/ 2021     Big Lies Can Have Big Consequences

Worldview Watch issue #64 posted 7/22/2020  The Ideology of Journalism

Wikipedia articles related to this theme:



bait and switch bad faith  delusion 
     Military Deception  false balance clickbait
  Information Overload Truth Decay (about 2018 book)  

 worldview internal inconsistency related: Strongly valuing this theme and any of the themes in the list below is a contradiction:

#1A   Humbly Unsure    #1B Skeptic   #5A   Scientific Materialism #6A Orderly & Explicable
#6B   Scientific Method #10   Secular Humanism    #13  In Human/Computer Hands:  Dancing With Systems    #14A  Salvation & Moralistic God 
#14B Moral Arc of Universe/Karma/Reincarnation #16B   The Golden Rule, Village Ethic of Mutual Help     #17B Gratitude & Forgiveness #19A  Competitive Capitalism   
#19B Corporate Capitalism   #20A   Elitism  #21B Service to Others #22A Economic Growth  
  #23A  Sustainability   23B Enoughness #26A The Consumerist    #26B  More is Better Mentality / Abundance
#27 The Small Producer   #28B Healthy Orientation #29A   The Self Restrained Person #30    Intellectual Freedom   
#31   Education for Democracy   #32A  Valuing Human Rights  #32B Culture of Tolerance   #34 Valuing Traditions and Status Quo   
#35B Working for Change   #37B Global Citizen   #38   Love As Family Glue   #40  Environmental Economics
#42   Ethical Orientation   #45A Borrowing Mentality    #45B Work Hard, Pay As You Go  #46A The Technological Fix Mentality   
#46B Military Backers #47A  The Attitudinal Fix Mentality    #47B Pacifism / Non-Violence #48B  Liking Co-operation-Based Communities
#49A  Social Welfare Statism   #49B Idealistic Socialism #50A Libertarian    #50B Left Anarchist  
#51A Ethical Globalization #51B Big Business Pushes Limits #52   Physically Challenged ==>Independent Living #102A Conscientious, Efficient
#103B Celebrating Team Accomplishments #201A Evidence-Based        #203B Egalitarian Progressive #204B  Limits & Ethics  

More to Explore -- Worldview Theme #4: Spreading Disinformation / Tactical Deception 

The International Grand Committee on Disinformation and "Fake News"
The Center for Countering Digital Hate 
How to spot five of the fossil fuel industry’s biggest disinformation tactics by Amy Westervolt and Kyle Pope (from The Guardian April 14 2024)

The right-wing scammers who paved the way for Trump  by Zack Beauchamp (report from VOX April 6 2024)

What tech giants are (and aren’t) doing to stop the spread of misinformation by Shannon Bond and Miles Parks (from NPR Feb 16 2024)
“An alarming wave of climate misinformation is spreading on YouTube, Watchdog says” by Rachel Ramirez (from CNN Jan 16 2024)
Anansi's Gold by Yepoka Yeebo (book about a notorious con artist, review from The New York Times Aug 2 2023)
"We should all be viewing this as a five-alarm fire": Threat of disinformation escalates ahead of 2024 by Ali Velshi (posted on MSNBC July 8 2023)
Ohio Staters Grapple With Bill That Stifles Climate Speech by Dan Gearino (from Mother Jones June 1 2023)
Trump campaign paid researchers to prove 2020 fraud but kept findings secret by Josh Dawsey (Washington Post report Feb 11 2023)
Propaganda--What is Truth? (article re fake photos from The Economist Jan 14 2023)
The Youths Are Very Online. Who’s Teaching Them About Misinformation?  by Jackie Flynn Mogensen (from Mother Jones, September 2022)
How far-right groups use memes to radicalize people (NPR interview of Harvard's Joan Donovan, September 25 2022)

Election deniers have taken their fraud theories on tour — to nearly every state  (report from NPR June 30, 2022)

Can a first-grader deliberately mislead you? By Meghan Leahy  (from The Washington Post April 27 2022)
Anne Applebaum: Social Media Made Spreading Disinformation Easy  by Kate Cray  (article in The Atlantic April 7 2022)
“Was Donald Trump America's First Atheist President?” By Ben Pryor (from Newsweek   March 8 2022)
Brazil: Bolsonaros Scorns Accurate Data (report from The Economist January 15 2022)

“We Found the One Group of Americans Who Are Most Likely to Spread Fake News”   By Hemant Kakkar and Asher Lawson  (report from Politico Jan 14 2022)

“Connecticut judge orders Infowars’ Alex Jones to pay damages to families of Sandy Hook shooting victims in defamation lawsuits” by Zack Murdock (from The Hartford Courant Nov 15 2021)

"Climate misinformation on Facebook viewed 1.4 million times daily" by Joseph Winters  (post on Grist Nov 4 2021)

"The Facebook Crisis in India Might Be the Worst Facebook Crisis of All" by Nitish Pahwa (posted on Slate Oct 26, 2021)

"Christian radio host sentenced to three life sentences for Ponzi scheme bilking millions from elderly listeners" (report from NBC News October 2021)
"Why some biologists and ecologists think social media is a risk to humanity” by Shirin Ghaffery (report posted on Vox June 26 2021) 
"Briefing Cybersecurity: Ransomware" (report from The Economist June 19 2021)
Free Speech and Social Media (article from The Economist April 17 2021)
Dominion: will one Canadian company bring down Trump's empire of disinformation? By David Smith  (article from The Guardian   Apr 4 2021)
"Site That Traffics In Misinformation Fills Void Left By Struggling Newspaper" by Leila Fadel  (January 11 2021 NPR story)
TV Producers Should Not Escape Scrutiny by Oliver Darcy (CNN Business report January 8 2021 re those spreading misinformation)
Military Deception (article from The Economist December 19 2020)
“Facebook is a Doomsday machine” by Adrienne LaFrance (article posted on The Atlantic Dec 15 2020)
“Key U.S. lawmaker backs idea of a global agreement to govern Big Tech” by Jon Ward (report from Yahoo News December 2 2020)
“India’s ruling party invents a Muslim plot against Hindu women” (report in The Economist Nov 21 2020)
"How Far-Right Personalities and Conspiracy Theorists Are Cashing in on the Pandemic Online" (Time magazine article August 31 2020 )
Antisocial: Online Extremists, Techno-Utopians and the Hijacking of the American Conversation by Andrew Marantz (book review from The Guardian October 13 2019) 

“How Facebook likes could profile voters for manipulation” by Barbara Ortutay And Anick Jesdanun   (March 19 2018 report)

Merchants of Doubt by Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway (book review  by Robin McKie in The Guardian  Aug 7 2010)

back to Theme Choices version 5.0 structure

"As you shop in "The Reality Marketplace" avoid spending your "reality cash" too early,  before you have seen everything. " 
from Coming of Age in the Global Village,  by Stephen P. Cook,  with Donella H. Meadows.