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#201B  Positive Expectations
If hope means having only positive expectations, I’m a hopeful optimist. I can firmly believe, with complete confidence and trust, in something for which there’s little or no evidence, and certainly no proof. I can deny evidence and believe in something if doing so provides hope or useful psychological advantage (example: belief in an afterlife.) I sometimes interpret events / actions of others, and make decisions, based on what I’d like to be true, rather than what is true. I can delude myself. I see it as adopting healthy beliefs which promote my and perhaps my family's or loved ones continued psychological well-being.

More Information About This Worldview Theme--note this table is under construction, last update: April 2022

a diamond WV Theme...

...individual <---> knowledge

the theme is paired with: #201A Evidence-Based    to make Choice #1    in the Choices We Make cards 

this theme as presented in older version of theme structure:  was called Wishful Thinking      is this theme new to version 4?--YES

click to look at the Project Worldview Cultural Literacy Encyclopedia Related Words, Beliefs, Background articles for the above choice 

 Project Worldview authored discussion, Worldview Watch related issues, songs, etc.  

Worldview Watch issue #69, posted 10/14/2021  Suggestibility, Alien Abductions, and Democracy

Worldview Watch issue #63, posted 4/12/2020 The Faith-Based Challenge to Corona Virus Response 
Worldview Watch #62, posted 12/19/2019 The Sad State of American Democracy

Wikipedia articles related to this theme:

Wishful Thinking Faith Faith and Rationality
hope optimism Optimism Bias
Denial Self-Deception afterlife
False Belief framing effect_(psychology) Optimism
Positive Psychology Pseudohistory toxic positivity

 worldview internal inconsistency related: Strongly valuing this theme and any of the themes in the list below is a contradiction:

#1B Skeptic   #3 Values Honesty, Learning #5A   Scientific Materialism #6A Orderly & Explicable
#6B   Scientific Method #13  In Human/Computer Hands:  Dancing With Systems        #18B Rational, Dispassionate   #36A Cynicism
#46A Technological Fix #46B Military Backers  

More to Explore -- Worldview Theme #201B:  Positive Expectations

The Power of Optimism  by editors of Meredith Publishing  (more about this 2021 book from Amazon)
The Power of Positive Thinking --Time magazine special edition (more about this 2021 issue from Amazon)
What’s the Difference Between a Delusion and a Hallucination? (from 
“How to Harness the Power of Negative Thinking” By Jonathan Dean (argues “relentless positivity can be more toxic than you think”  January 09 2022  The Sunday Times)
"The Anti-Vax Delusion" (from The Economist July 17 2021) 
“Seeing the Bright Side: Why Art is the Antidote for Our Times”  by Ava DuVernay  (guest oped in Time Feb 18 2019)
"Magical Thinking and Mental Disorders" by Lisa Fritscher ( post on Very Well Mind website Nov 29 2017)
“Hope is more than just wishful thinking”  (from The Fordham Institute July 27 2016)
Faith vs. Facts by T. Luhrmann   (Opinion piece in New York Times  Apr 18 2015)
Stages of faith chart based on James Fowler 1981 book Stages of Faith
A 2012 Critical Assessment of James Fowler’s Faith Development Theory  
2008 review by Susan Troy of James Fowler’s Stages of Faith book
Interpretation of James Fowler’s on “The Development of Faith”
  Denial: Self Deception, False Beliefs, and the Origins of the Human Mind, by Ajit Varki and Danny Brower (this 2013 book argues that denying death's finality by believing in an afterlife helped the human mind develop) 
Faith and Facts by Greg Koukl  (Christian perspective)

"David Brooks’s Journey Toward Faith" By Peter Wehner  (his path between doubt and belief , The Atlantic May 7 2019)

“The rightwing Christian preachers in deep denial over Covid-19's danger”  by Jason Wilson (article in The Guardian about those “claiming the virus can be defeated by faith in God” April 4 2020) 
“Your Brain 'Shields' Itself from the Existential Threat of Death” By Yasemin Saplakoglu  (post on  Oct 25 2019)
"Psychosomatic Medicine: Think Yourself Well" (news re research from report The Economist Dec 8 2012)
“Report on Huge MIT Study of Fake News: Falsehoods Win on Twitter”  by Robinson Meyer  (report in The Atlantic Dec 2 2019) 

back to Theme Choices version 5.0 structure

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