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Humans are special. I'd say we have dominion over the natural world (some would say it’s God-given) So I believe the natural environment should be used, developed, and enjoyed-- in short, nature should serve people. I am comfortable with the increasing commodification of everything and valuing things based on usefulness to humans. Creatively making land more to my liking and using its resources, wildlife, etc, is part of being human not something I should apologize for or feel guilty about. (Note: some extend this in worshiping a Personal and Moralistic God and highly valuing their own ultimate salvation.)

More Information About This Worldview Theme

a spade WV Theme...

...individual <---> nature

the theme is paired with: #104B  Respect for Nature  to make Choice #41    in the Choices We Make cards 

this theme as presented in older version of theme structure: version 1.0     version 2.0 & 3.0    is this theme new to version 4?--new name

click to look at the Project Worldview Cultural Literacy Encyclopedia Related Words, Beliefs, Background articles for the above choice 

 Project Worldview authored discussion, Worldview Watch related issues, songs, etc.  

 Discussion from The Worldview Literacy Book Songs 
Worldview Watch issue #7: Geoengineering, Economics, and Restraint Worldview Watch #9: And Man Made Life
Worldview Watch issue #60, posted 5/15/2019 Tough Choices Behind Positions on Responding to Climate Change

Wikipedia articles related to this theme:

  Speciesism  Anthropocentrism prosperity theology,
Geoengineering Wise Use Movement Exchange Value
salvation   Environmental Skepticism Anti-Environmentalism
Commodity Anthropic Principle may oppose land-use planning restrictions
Factory Farming Sagebrush Rebellion Cloud Seeding
Great Chain of Being    

 worldview internal inconsistency related: Strongly valuing this theme and any of the themes in the list below is a contradiction:

 #12A Polytheism, Animism, Pagan   #23A  Sustainability   23B Enoughness   #36A Cynicism
#37B Global Citizen   #40  Environmental Economics      #42   Ethical Orientation #50B Left Anarchist  
#101A Mind Open, Vision Global   #204B  Limits & Ethics    

More to Explore -- Worldview Theme #104A: Human-Centered

When the Killing's Done by T. C. Boyle (NY Times review by Barbara Kingsolver of 2011 fiction book about human view of problem animals vs. an ecosystem based respect for nature view)
Chain of Being (from Dictionary of the History of Ideas)
"Overcoming Ideology," by Ron Arnold  (essay expressing "ideas that evolved...into wise use movement")
"Two Cheers for the 1872 Mining Law" by Richard Gordon and Peter VanDoren (CATO institute link to this 1998 paper)
Have Dominion Over All These, by Rev. J. Michael Beers (from Religion & Liberty website)
Trashing the Economy: How Runaway Environmentalism is Wrecking America
The Evolution of Anthropocentrism (article by Reeve Basom)
Environmentalism or Individualism? by Robert James Bidinotti
Environmentalism as Religion (text of 2003 speech by Michael Crichton)
Property Rights Movement or Sagebrush Rebellion Revisited
Property Rights Foundation of America
Extraction of raw materials to rise by 60% by 2060, says UN report by Arthur Nelson (from The Guardian, Jan 31 2024)
The American Buffalo film by Ken Burns  "a most dramatic demonstration of our ability to destroy the natural world" (review from Better Angels Society January 2024)
Brazil--Unsustainable (report from The Economist June 17 2023)
South Asia's Filthy Air (Feb 18 2023 report from The Economist)
Ocean heat content hits record high, a sign of global warming by Andrew Freedman (post on Axios Jan 11 2023)
The world is burning more coal than ever before, new report shows by Ivana Kottasova (from CNN Dec 16 2023)
Mounting Scientific Evidence Rekindles Fracking Health Concerns by Jon Hurdle (from Mother Jones Nov 28 2022)
 How Safe are U.S. Rivers 50 Years After the Clean Water Act?  by Carl Shane  (from Scientific American: October 18 2022) 
"Alarm Bells as Satellites Reveal a Third of Pakistan Underwater" by Lizzie Davies (posted on Mother Jones September 2 2022)
The world has never seen a heat wave quite like China's 70-day streak by Andrew Freedman (post on Axios August 22 2022)
An Oil Train Is Set To Destroy Pristine Utah Mountains  by Stephanie Mencimer (article from Mother Jones May 2 2022)
“The End of the Night Sky” (report on light pollution from satellites The Economist November 27 2021)
Forests and Climate Change (report from The Economist November 6 2021)
Air Pollution in India (report from The Economist November 6 2021)
"Agriculture: Farming's New Frontiers"  (report from The Economist August 28 2021) 
"The American West is Drying Up: Low and Dry" (report from The Economist August 21 2021 

“Deaths surge in U.S. and Canada from worst heatwave on record” by Moira Warburton (news item from Reuters June 30 2021)

Climate change clearly visible as NOAA prepares to release new 'normals'  by Monica Garrett, (report from CNN Meteorologist  April 21 2021)

"22 Disasters, 262 Dead, $95B in Damages: 2020 Set Records for US Climate Mayhem"  by Oliver Milman (report in Mother Jones January 2021)
"Managing Forests Crucial As Climate Gets Hotter"  (interview with western forest management expert Sept 16 2020)
“The Amazon: Of Chainsaws and Supply Chains” (report from The Economist June 13 2020)
“The Mekong: Torrent to Trickle”  (article from The Economist May 16 2020
"Bolsonaro declares 'the Amazon is ours' and calls deforestation data 'lies'" By Dom Puillips  (article from The Guardian July 19 2019)
India is running out of water, fast (report posted on Aljazeera June 20 2019)
The Environment in India --Poison all around (report from  The Economist Dec 8 2018) 

Rising seas: 'Florida is about to be wiped off the map' by Elizabeth Rush (article in The Guardian Jun 26 2018)

How the Growth of Cities Changes Farming (from The Economist Feb 17 2018)
"Harvey, Irma, Maria: This is the hurricane season scientists expected … and feared"
Deforestation in Indonesia (report from The Economist November 26 2016)

The Anthropocene -- Dawn of a New Epoch? (report from The Economist September 3 2016)

"Wolf at the Door" by Adam Nicolson  (article about reintroducing wolves in Europe in 1843 magazine  August 2016)

Flood Control: Disgorging (report from The Economist July 30 2016)

"Requiem for a River"  (lengthy essay about development on the Mekong River from The Economist Feb 13 2016)
"Armed Group Vows to Hold Federal Wildlife Office in Oregon ‘for Years’" (Jan 2016 New York Times story)
“How property rights in outer space may lead to a scramble to exploit the moon’s resources” by Dominic Basulto (Nov 2015 Washington Post article)
"A Thirsty, Violent World" by Michael Specter   (article about coming struggles over water in The New Yorker Feb 24 2015)
"Ranchers Vs. Bison Huggers" (report on "The Battle for Yellowstone" from The Economist Jan 3 2015)

"Out-of-state groups ride in to stand with Nevada rancher in battle with feds over grazing rights" (Apr 11 2014 news report from Fox News)

"Exporting the Colorado River to China Through Hay" by Ben Jervey (Jan 23 2014 report from National Geographic)
Rachel Was Wrong website (attacks the legacy of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring and the environmental movement)
A Wolf in the Garden: The Land Rights Movement and New Environmental Debate, by Phillip Brick and McGreggor Cawley  (read excerpts of this 1996 book at Google Books)
The Wise Use Agenda  (as identified by an environmental organization)
What's Old & What's New About the Wise Use Movement
The Historical Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis, by Lynn White
The Orthodox Church and the Environmental Movement, by E. Theokritoff
Environmental Theology: A Judeo-Christian Defense
Religion's Anthropocentric Conceit, by Bill Cooke
Ten Thousand Years of Crop Improvement: From Crop Domestication to Molecular Agriculture (2001 UCTV program)
"Geoengineering Global Cooling: 'Insane, Utterly Mad and Delusional'" by Jon Queally (Jan 16 2014 article posted on Common Dreams website)
"Geoengineering and Climate Change: Stopping a Scorcher" (review of two books from The Economist Nov 23 2013)
"Geoengineering: Testing the Waters" by Naomi Klein (from October 27 2012 The New York Times)
"And Man Made Life"  (article in The Economist May 22 2010)
"The New Age of Extinction," by Bryan Walsh (April 13, 2009 Time article) 
"Meteorology: Taming the Sky" by Jane Qiu and Daniel Cressey (news report about weather modification in Nature June 19 2008)
"The Clean Energy Scam," by Michael Grunwald (4/7/08 Time article about why ethanol isn't eco-friendly)
"Growing Calls for Moratorium on Climate Geoengineering" by Stephen Leahy (Oct 26 2010 news item)
"Recruiting Plankton to Fight Global Warming" by Matt Richtel (4/30/07 NY Times article)
"Geoegineering," by Bryan Walsh (article about a great new idea in Time March 24 2008)
Alliance for America (umbrella group, Wise Use Movement)
The Western War Against Barbed Wire, by Bob Diddlebock (September 10, 2007 Time article)
What is Endangered: Climate or Freedom? by Vaclav Klaus
Mountain States Legal Foundation
Warriors for the West, by William Perry Pendley (2006 book by president of Mountain States Legal Foundation)
Stewards of the Range
Man's Responsibility for Nature, by John Passmore (online encyclopedia article about Passmore and this book)
Anthropocentrism and Deep Ecology, by William Grey ("my aim is not to bury anthropocentrism but to defend it")_
Anthropocentrism, by John Seed  (deep ecology perspective on) 
Nature Wars by Jim Sterba (Jan 2013 Washington Post book review of book about conflicts associated with wildlife in urban areas)
The Worst Hard Time by Timothy Egan (Feb 2011 NY Times book review of book about America's "greatest environmental disaster")
The Real Anthropocentrism (blogger takes on the deep ecologists)
Non-Anthropocentrism in a Thoroughly Anthropocentrized World (article by Anthony Weston)
Anthropocentrism (essay by Penelope Smith -- an animal rights perspective) 
video of John Prine with lyric contextual relevant images performing his 1972 song "Paradise" about coal mining in Mulhenberg County Kentucky
quotes related to private property

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