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Self Test A on Knowledge Associated With Choice #1

Respond to each of the 10 multiple choice questions below by typing the number 1 to 5 of the answer you wish to select in the response box. When finished, click "process your responses".

1. The word "feedback" is most simply described in terms of ____________ 

1) a false balance                2) a perturbation of a system          3) a Reality generating mechanism 

4) learning from experience              5) a conceptual framework 

2.  The phrase “useful fiction” might be part of a description of which of the terms below? 

1) magical thinking        2) confirmation bias      3) wishful thinking    

4) adopting healthy beliefs           5) both 3) and 4) 

3. Which of the following associations is wrong?

1) judgment / faith-based process

2) fact / occurrence in the real world, independent of belief

3) scientifically acceptable hypothesis / it must be testable

4)  explicit knowledge / knowledge that can be described adequately with words or symbols

5) worldview / a conceptual framework and a set of beliefs 

4.  With respect to the conceptual frameworks mentioned in the Evidence-Based worldview theme, all of the following are true except which? 

1) they are linked to experience   2) are useful for making predictions    

3) once formed they are generally static, unchanging

4) they are built on facts and concepts    5) they can be thought of as part of an ontology

5. ______________ can be described as immediate insight that occurs without conscious awareness. 

1) hope                2) faith                     3)judgment    

4) intuition           5) magical thinking 

6.   All of the following  might be used to describe someone for whom the Faith, Wishful Thinking worldview theme is a key component of their overall worldview except which ? 

1) values intuition    2) seeks shielding from psychological pain     3) can be overly (and hopefully) optimistic

4) discounts tacit knowledge                  5) can involve self deception  

7.  All of the following  might be used to describe someone for whom the Evidence-Based worldview theme is a key component of their overall worldview except which ?

1) values empiricism      2) discounts feedback        3) highly values facts and honesty

4) heavily grounded in Reality          5) discounts faith 

8. According to the scientific consensus, someone who believes in the afterlife _______________________.

1) refuses to deceive oneself     2) believes the universe is orderly and non-chaotic          

3) engages in wishful thinking   4) trusts in something based on reason & analysis  more than  feelings & emotions 

5) does so based on abundant evidence      

9.  ______________ refer to abstract generalized ideas and understanding that replace a set of sensory experiences and memories.

1) facts      2) explicit knowledge           3) concepts 

4) wishful thinking        5) reality generating mechanisms

10.  Those who prefer the Faith, Wishful Thinking worldview theme over the Evidence-Based one most likely ________________. 

1) often make decisions based on what they hope is true             

2) are able to accept psychologically disturbing features of Reality   3) are pessimists

4)  value complete honesty         5) refuse to deceive themselves 

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       For Choice #1:

       Your Score on the Self Test = correct out of 10 possible

      

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