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Related Words, Beliefs, Background
Definitions and Terminology
alphabetical listing: A to K
|alphabetical listing, continued: L to Z|
anthropology -- the study of the human species, in particular of the origin, nature, distribution, diversity, behavior and works of groups of people. This field is typically divided into physical and cultural anthropology.
axiology -- the study of the theory of values
cosmology -- the study of the origin and structure of the universeepistemology -- the branch of philosophy concerned with knowledge, its nature, where it comes from, the methods used to obtain it, and the limits faced by humans as they attempt to broaden knowledge.
global education -- wholistic education that focuses on whole systems and emphasizes the interconnections and interdependencies that traditional, reductionist education often overlooks. It extends boundaries of concern, and strives to involve the whole person -- seen as a thinking, feeling, and doing creature.
history, philosophy of--considers such topics as what can be learned by studying history, what should be the focus of such study, what patterns can be discerned, what purpose (if any) lies behind it, the causes of events, and biases in historical records (writings of "victors" may be more propaganda than truth!)
learning domains--educational activities and associated objectives are sometimes categorized using three domains: 1) cognitive--relates to comprehending and intellectual processing of information and knowledge in forming concepts, having ideas, and having beliefs; 2) affective--relates to the emotions associated with learning experiences; 3) psychomotor--relates to the physical activity and motor skills component of learning. Very loosely these learning domains can be related to thinking, feeling, and doing.
metaphysics -- a branch of philosophy that involves inquiry into the most fundamental and ultimate reality
reality generating mechanisms--according to John Casti, these are particular ways of seeing the world, each possessing its own terminology, tools, and methods. Examples are science, religion, mysticism, poetry, music, literature and art. Each of these represents a particular way of seeing reality and thus determining what is seen.
teleology-- the idea that there is a design or purpose inherent in everything and belief that events unfold toward some divinely specified ultimate end or that everything strives to fulfill some purpose
theology -- the rational study of religious faith, experience, and practice
Weltanschauung -- the German term that very loosely translates to mean the same as “worldview”. Thus there are as many definitions of “weltanschauung” as “worldview”. The Oxford English Dictionary defines Weltanschauung as “...a particular philosophy of life; a concept of the world held by an individual or group”.
conceptual framework and a set of beliefs used to make sense out of a
complex, seemingly chaotic reality based on your
perceptions, experience and learning.
Besides incorporating a purpose or “raison d’etre,” it
provides an outlook or expectation for the world as it exists or is
perceived to exist--one that you base predictions about the future on.
It is something that continually evolves--indeed, you spend the
rest of your life testing and refining it, based on feedback you get. As
it develops, it increasingly it becomes the source of your goals
and desires, and as such it shapes your behavior and values.
worldview theme--given a formal name and description, this refers to the beliefs, thoughts, feelings, and behavior that come together in a way that is articulated in similar fashion by lots of people. Many such themes can be used to characterize a person's worldview.
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